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Embryo Transfer & Donation

Embryo transfer is the final step of the in vitro fertilization process. It usually occurs two to three days after the fertilization of the egg when the embryos are at the two- to eight-cell stage. Some embryo transfers occur five days after fertilization; instead of transferring the embryo at the cell stage, the day-5 embryo is now a blastocyst. The cells in the blastocyst have just begun to differentiate, increasing the chances of viability. With blastocyst embryo transfer, fewer — but hopefully better-quality — embryos will need to be transferred. This would reduce the possibilities of multiple pregnancies without compromising pregnancy success.

Procedure & Medications

The timing of transfer is important, as the endometrium needs to be appropriately prepared to receive the embryos. The ideal window of receptivity is during the luteal phase, which is during the second half of a woman's menstrual cycle and when progesterone is significantly higher. If frozen embryos are being transferred, a woman may be given estrogen treatments for two weeks prior to transfer and then estrogen and progesterone for endometrium preparation.

Just before transfer, the transfer recipient is usually required to have a full bladder to enable easier viewing of the uterus on the sonogram. A sonogram is used to help guide the physician during the transfer process. A predetermined number of embryos is loaded into a thin transfer catheter and inserted through the cervical canal. The sonogram helps guide the catheter into the uterine cavity and more specifically within 1 to 2 cm from the top of the uterus (fundus). The embryos are deposited and the catheter will be checked to ensure that all contents have been transferred.

Per the guidance of the physician, the recipient may receive an injection of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) to stimulate the ovaries to produce more progesterone during the implantation phase (three to four days after transfer). Self-injections of hCG may also be recommended in the days following the embryo transfer, as well as progesterone suppositories. Estrogen medication may also be given to recipients after embryo transfer.

Follow-Up

Following the procedure, the recipient will usually be advised to rest on her back in a recovery room for a couple of hours. Some physicians may recommend bed-rest for the first 24 hours after transfer while others may allow their patient to resume normal activities shortly after the procedure. There are no documented studies that suggest either bed-rest or continuing normal activities has a better pregnancy success rate. A pregnancy test is typically administered two weeks after transfer.

Number of Embryos

The number of embryos transferred during an IVF cycle has been heavily debated over the years. While some physicians may recommend up to six embryos in one transfer, some professional societies and current medical literature state no more than four embryos will produce optimal results. Multiple pregnancies only increase the possibility of complications for both the mother and the fetuses.

PATIENT
TESTIMONIALS

“If you want to be treated exceptionally well by helpful staff, a welcoming front office and a highly knowledgeable, caring and responsive clinical team, then look no further. Dr. Brian Acacio and his team helped us conceive and also made sure that we never felt alone in the process. It's an extremely dedicated group of people that genuinely help people fulfill their dream of parenthood.”

Our Locations
  • Acacio Fertility Center
    in Laguna Niguel

    27882 Forbes Road, Suite 200
    Laguna Niguel, CA 92677

    Phone number: 949-249-9200
    Fax number: 949-249-9203

  • Acacio Fertility Center
    in Bakersfield

    2225 19th Street
    Bakersfield, CA 93301

    Phone number: 661-326-8066
    Fax number: 661-843-7706

  • Acacio Fertility Center
    in Mission Viejo

    26800 Crown Valley Parkway, Suite 560
    Mission Viejo, CA 92691

    Phone number: 949-249-9200
    Fax number: 949-249-9203